Jackfruit is a tropical fruit that is known from a distance for its shape and size the ripe fruit has a strong fruity aroma sometimes can be smiles from a distance. The flavour of its sweet arils or bulbs can be identified from a distance. In common aroma with some other tropical fruits such as Pineapple, Banana Jackfruit is rich in energy due to its sugar content. It is free of Cholesterol and saturated fats. But rich in minerals, vitamins and dietary fibre.
Jackfruit is a popular Asian Tropical fruit which belongs to the Moraceae family, The Jackfruit is related to Breadfruit, Figs and Mulberry. Artocarpus heterophyllus is the scientific name for Jackfruit.
The jackfruit three grows to very tall height and it bears on its trunk as well as on its branches. The fruit bears in various sizes depending on the soil the tree is growing on.
Jackfruit is an indigenous fruit of India’s Rain Forests however, it is now cultivated commonly in countries like Brazil, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. As well as in the Caribbean.
Jackfruit bears right through the year but in its season one tree can bear hundreds of fruits. I had seen one jackfruit weighing sixty pounds. That is the largest jackfruit I had ever seen.
It measured three feet eight inches in length and seventy centimeters in diameter. The skin of the jackfruit is of a rough appearance with blunt prickle like points looking like the inside of the pyloric or stomach.
The seed of the jackfruit also makes a delicious dish The seed is cooked in more than way. It has a thin but strong plastic-like covering when removed, the seeds are cooked in Soup or by itself is also cooked as
nice because of its sweetness, however, if you are a sugar lover you might not mind the sweetness.
The interior of the jackfruit when ripe and split open you can see the heart covered with white thick stain, should it catch your hands A pumpkin leaf removes the stain better than soap and water.
To access the pegs or pulps you will need to remove the heart as the pegs are attached to the heart, you will need to cut away the heart then you can use your fingers, a spoon, or a fork to remove the pegs which are embedded between some bands of fibres.
Although the pegs of the jackfruit are very sweet some folks enjoyed it better by dipping the pegs into salted water. They said the salt cuts the effect of the sugar. Inside of the peg there lies the seed.
Table of Nutrients
Energy 95 kcal 5%
Dietary Fiber 1.5 g 4%
Carbohydrates 23.5 g 18%
Total Fat 0.64 g 3%
Protein 1.72 g 3%
Folates 24 ugs 6%
Riboflavin 0.055 mg 4%
Niacin 0.920 mg 6%
Pyridoxine 0.329 mg 25%
Thiamin 0.105 mg 9%
Vitamin A 110 IU 3.5%
Vitamin C 13.7 mg 23%
Vitamin E 0.34 mg 2%
Manganese 0.197 8.5%
Iron 0.60 mg 7.5%
Calcium 34 mg 0%
Magnesium 37 mg 9%
Phosphorus 36 mg 5%
Phosphorus 21 mg 3%
Zinc 0.42 mg 4%
Selenium 0.6 mg 1%
Carotene-8 61 ug
Cryptoxanthin-8 5 ug
Lutein-zeaxanthin 157 ug
Jackfruit Health Benefits
100 g of edible jackfruit Bulbs provide 95 calories. The fruit made of soft, easily digestible flesh (arils) made up of simple sugars like fructose and sucrose then eaten replenishes energy and revitalizes the body instantly.
Jackfruit is rich in dietary fiber, which makes it a good bulk laxative. The fiber content helps to protect the colon.
The fresh fruit has a small but significant amount of Vitamin-A, and flavonoid pigments such as carotene-B, xanthin, lutein, and cryptoxanthin-B. together, these compounds play vital roles in antioxidant and vision functions. Vitamin A also required for maintaining the integrity of mucosa and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in vitamin-A and carotenes has been found to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
Jackfruit is a good source of antioxidant Vitamin-C, provides about 13 .7mg or 23% of RDA.
Consumption of foods rich in Vitamin -C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful free radicals.
It is one of the rear fruits that is rich in a B complex group of Vitamins. It contains outstanding amounts of Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), niacin, riboflavin, and folic acid.
Further fresh fruits are a good source of potassium, manganese, and iron. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.
Selection and storage
Jackfruit is a Summer season fruit coinciding with some other tropical favorites like Mango, durian, and mangosteen.
In the stores, buy fruit that emits mild yet rich flavor and just yields to thumb pressure. Thumb-like projections become softer in the case of the ripe fruit. Once ripen the fruit deteriorates rather quickly unless its processed arils (bulbs) stored in the refrigerator.
Preparation and Serving method
Cut the fruit in a similar fashion like other large size fruits like Breadfruit.
White, gummy latex oozes from the cut ends even in ripe fruit but to a lesser extent than in the green unripe ones. The latex problem can be overcome by applying a little coconut oil while separating bulbs since protective gloves would not help.
Another way of dealing with latex problem is mopping or rubbing the cut sections with a lemon slice or gently drowning in a bowl of acidulated water. Discard the thick ring that runs through the middle of the fruit, and the whole section is gently twisted a few times to loosen individual arils (bulbs).
Each aril (bulb) is made of sweet, thick orange-yellow flesh; cut it open with a small knife or split the bulb with fingertips vertically. Inside each bulb, you find a thick light brown colour seed; keep it aside and enjoy the delicious flesh
Here are some serving tips
Jackfruit bulb has a unique flavour and sweet taste. Enjoy them without any addition to experience their rich taste.
Jackfruit slices hand-mixed with grated coconut, honey, banana slices is one of the wonderfully delicious dessert preparations commonly served on festive occasions in Southern parts of India.
The also used in jam, jelly and chutney preparations.
Fruit slices are a great addition to fruit salads.
Jackfruit seeds are a good source of protein and minerals; used like vegetables and pulses in curry (sabzi) preparation in many Asian countries.
Unripe green fruits employed like a vegetable in the preparation known as Kathal ki sabzi
In some North Indian States and “sayur nangka” in Indonesia
Is Jackfruit a Superfood?
Jackfruit is a nutrient powerhouse, the fruit can be used in curries and stews It can even be used as a meat substitute. Some people consider Jackfruit to aid in weight loss because of its dietary fiber component’s that helps boost digestion. Truth is, Jackfruit is low in calorie that will assist in weight loss.
Only157 calories ‘are in one cup of crush Jackfruit makes a healthy treat. Diets that are rich in fiber helps reduced risks of developing some diseases such as heart disease, Cancer, and type 2 diabetes.
Jackfruit is rich in Copper which helps in Thyroid metabolism, hormone production, and absorption, enhanced healthy thyroid.
Jackfruit root is a good remedy for skin disease. Jackfruit is a natural remedy for ulcers, it is anti-inflammatory with antioxidant properties it promotes healing with no side effects.
Jackfruit also promotes bone health, it’s a high content of magnesium aids the body in absorbing Calcium. Jackfruit is rich in dietary fiber which makes it a bulk laxative. It helps to improve digestion and prevents constipation.
Arthritis; Osteoporosis a symptom of the bone disorder can be managed by consuming a constant amount of jackfruit.
Jackfruit seeds contain healthy nutrients that will prove beneficial to the body. Due to jackfruit potential to lower blood sugar levels, people with diabetes may ease off the medication when eating jackfruit regularly.
Jackfruit is a Carbohydrate that does not contain much protein. It is a starchy food that contains more calories and Carb. It has less fiber than a potato
All portion of the jackfruit can be eaten. Some as is while some parts will need cooking, or blending. The jackfruit definitely will need to be cooked.
Jackfruit seeds are not poisonous; the seeds can be eaten, they can be prepared in several different ways to make a delicious nutritious meal
I hope that you will make the best of the many benefits that Jackfruit have to offer. Please leave a comment below.