Bitter Melon (Momordica Charantia) is a highly nutritious vegetable that many people consumed in the Caribbean, India, Asia, Africa, and China. Bitter melon Nutrition is beneficial mostly to those who have type two diabetes. Bitter Melon contents. One hundred Grams of bitter melon contains the following properties:

Potassium       602 mg                                                                               17 %

Sodium               13 mg                                                                               0 %

Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g

Total Carbohydrate 7 g                                                                              2 %

Dietary Fibre            1.9 g                                                                            7 %

Sugar 1 g

Protein 3.6 g                                                                                                  7 %

Vitamin A                                                                                                      48 %

Vitamin C                                                                                                       92 %

Calcium                                                                                                             4 %

Iron                                                                                                                     5 %

Vitamin B-6                                                                                                    40 %

Magnesium                                                                                                      23 %

As we can see from the chart, Bitter Melon contained a variety of essential vitamins and minerals needed for the body function. In addition to these nutritious components, bitter melon contains some components that be helpful to combat some of the most common chronic diseases that affect the human body.

Because bitter melon fruit contains three essential components that fight high blood sugar  ( Charantin, Peptides, and Alkaloids), well-known disease such as Diabetes, patients use bitter melon to manage the disease. Bitter Melon contains hypoglycemic compounds.
This compound might improve the body’s functionality to use sugar for energy in a released from the Journal of Ethnopharmacology in 2018. Prediabetics consumed bitter Melon and Cucumber juice. After a few weeks of administration, those who given Bitter Melon and cucumber juice had significantly lowered Plasma glucose levels.

Based on studies, Better Melon may have boosted the metabolism of fat, which could contribute to the prevention of obesity. One of the known risk factor of diabetes.

The fruit has found to improve insulin sensitivity significantly. The Philippine Department of health did a study, and they found that the Bitter Melon has a similar mechanism as glibenclamide, which is an anti-diabetes drug.

Bitter Melon significantly contributes to better immune function. It is of numerous antioxidants and some other essential nutrients, such as vitamin C.

Bitter Melon contains about 55 milligrams of vitamin C per serving, which is an essential micronutrient to improve immunity which supports cellular function and oxidant scavenging.

Numerous studies show that there are different components of Bitter Melon with anti-inflammatory properties. Published research in the 20 18 Phytomedicine Journal showed that a peptide extracted from bitter melon seeds helps in removing inflammation by inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines.

An animal study done in 2018 shows that the administration of bitter melon polysaccharides helps to reduce gastric inflammation and oxidative stress.


Diabetes patients eat bitter Melon because of its blood sugar regulatory ability. However, it is therefore not recommended to eat while taking diabetes medication.

Such exercise may cause your blood sugar to drop lower than supposed to drop which will result in hypoglycemia. If you have diabetes and desire to start a Bitter Melon diet, you should consult with your doctor before you go on Bitter Melon diet.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not go on Bitter Melon diet as there are active components in Bitter Melon that cause bleeding during pregnancy.



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People who schedule for surgery should avoid eating Bitter Melon for at least two full weeks before surgery. Eating Bitter Melon could compromise the blood sugar regulation during Surgery.

Bitter Melon (Momordica Charantia)

The Bitter Melon plant is a fast-growing plant that is characterized by its tendrils stem and bright yellow flowers that last only for a day. Bitter Melon is also called Bitter Gourd, Bitter Apple, Bitter Squash, Balsam -pear. Better Melon is of the Cucurbitaceae family.

It is a wist that needs a host to climb on to be able to expand itself to about 5meters or 16 feet in length. Bitter Melon flourishes in a tropical climate. There are two main species of Bitter Melon.

One is of a smooth yellow-green appearance while the other is deep green with rough prickle-like skin. The fruit is long, shape like Purell and it has the same climbing character as the fruit Purell.

It is hallowed in cross-section with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with flat, large seeds and pith. The fruit is cook green, or as it begins to change to yellow.

Once Bitter Melon becomes yellow, the texture of the flesh is crunchy and watery. Similar to Cucumber, Chayote and green bell pepper. However, the fruit is bitter. The skin is tender and edible.


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The seeds of the unripe fruit are white; they are not as bitter as the flesh; the seeds are removed before cooking. Some sources claim that the meat becomes more hardened and more bitter with age.

Some source claim that the Chinese variety of Bitter Melon skin does not change and the bitterness decreases with age. The Chinese type is best when harvest light green or with a slight Yellow Tinge. The Pith becomes sweet and red.

It can be eaten uncooked. It is commonly used in salads in South East Asia. The ripe fruit is orange-yellow and musty, it splits into segments which curl back like the ripe Cerascee seed exposing the seeds covered in red pulp.

Bitter Melon comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. The Cultivar species which is common in China is 20 t0 30 cm ( 7.9 – 11.8 in) long with bluntly tempering ends and pale green, with a gently undulating, watery surface.

The Bitter Melon typical of India is narrower in shape with pointed ends, and the surface is covered with jagged. Triangular teeth and ridges. It is white-green.

Between these two extremes any number of intermediate forms. Some of which bear little fruit on 6-10 cm( 2.4-3.9 in) in length, which may be served individually as stuffed vegetables.

These little fruits are favourite in Bangladesh and India. Pakistan, Nepal, and some other countries in South Asia. The sub-continent variety is most popular in Bangladesh and India.

Bitter Melon is bitter to the taste. However, the bitterness can be tempered by adding salt to the sliced vegetable and allowing it in the salt for half to one hour, and you will then extract the spice and bitterness by squeezing the plant with a clean cloth or towel.

You can quickly identify Bitter Melon fruit by its rough, wrinkled skin or for the Yellow-green species that some people described as “Warty” The Bitter Melon leaves are used as a tea. In addition to the fruit’s culinary purpose.

It is a traditional medicine in some countries including India South America and China, where it is used for Asthma, Tumors, Digestion, and skin related problems.

How to eat Bitter Melom

Bitter melon can be consumed in many different ways. In Chinese Cuisine, Bitter Melon is stir-fried with some pork or some beef. While in the Indian cuisine, Bitter Melon is cooked with coconut or stuffed with spices.

There is a wide range of recipes you can find on the Internet. I advise you to do your search and see those that are more likely to apply to your liking.

How Can Bitter Melon Help Me?

Bitter Melon is rich in a variety of vitamins and Minerals that can influence numerous body functions. It is known as a favourite fruit due to its effect on insulin sensitivity.

If you are struggling with Insulin resistance, it is an excellent vegetable to add to your diet. Bitter Melon is a carrier of anti-Cancer, Anti- Tumor, Hepatoprotective, Antimicrobial, and Antiviral properties. You are making it a relatively impressive vegetable.

I Am Diabetic

Although Bitter Melon is beneficial for diabetics, you should not eat Better Melon without the consent of your home physician. It is of paramount importance for you to consult with your healthcare personnel for guidance before you eat the vegetable.

It is a fact that Nutrition is the key to maintaining good health and avoid chronic diseases. However, this can be a big challenge because of the number of threats looming over our food supply these days.

Genetically engineered crops. Carcinogenic Pesticides. Factory farming. These are three of the issues that are threatening the quality of the food we eat.

If you are determined to be in the best of health possible, you need to take steps to the kinds of food that you eat and at what time you eat them.

The reason why you should grow your own organic food. What kind of high-quality meat you should eat and where you should access the meat. If you are on this page until now we ask you to please feel free to leave your comment and questions below We will respond to you as soon as possible. Thank you.

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